By Charles P. Kindleberger
Originally released in 1987 to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Marshall Plan, this interesting selection of essays, from an eminent ‘insider’ to the Marshall Plan, combines economics, politics and background to supply authoritative and private insights into the construction of 1 of the best overseas reduction programmes of the 20th century.
Any reader drawn to the Marshall Plan itself, the interior workings of an incredible act folks international coverage, and its many financial, political and ancient elements will welcome the reissue of this useful booklet from considered one of America’s so much special economists.
By Gerald Reamey
By C. Martens,E. Vivares,R. McChesney
By Stanley J Stein,Barbara H. Stein
Once Europe's ultimate maritime energy, Spain via the mid-eighteenth century used to be dealing with fierce festival from England and France. England, particularly, had effectively mustered the monetary assets essential to confront its Atlantic opponents through mobilizing either aristocracy and service provider bourgeoisie in aid of its imperial objectives. Spain, in the meantime, remained overly depending on the earnings of its New international silver mines to finance either metropolitan and colonial imperatives, and England's naval superiority regularly threatened the very important move of specie.
When Charles III ascended the Spanish throne in 1759, then, after a quarter-century as ruler of the dominion of the 2 Sicilies, Spain and its colonial empire have been heavily imperiled. 200 years of Hapsburg rule, by means of a half-century of ineffectual Bourbon "reforms," had performed little to modernize Spain's more and more antiquated political, social, financial, and highbrow associations. Charles III, spotting the urgent have to renovate those associations, set his Italian staff—notably the Marqués de Esquilache, who turned Secretary of the Consejo de Hacienda (the Exchequer)—to this ambitious task.
In Apogee of Empire, Stanley J. Stein and Barbara H. Stein hint the try out, at the start lower than Esquilache's course, to reform the Spanish institution and, later, to change and modernize the connection among the metropole and its colonies. inside Spain, Charles and his architects of reform needed to be conscious of picking out what changes can be made that will aid Spain confront its enemies with out additionally substantially changing the Hapsburg inheritance. As defined in extraordinary aspect by means of the authors, the sour, seven-year clash that ensued among reformers and traditionalists led to a coup in 1766 that compelled Charles to ship Esquilache again to Italy. After this setback at domestic, Charles nonetheless was hoping to impression confident swap in Spain's imperial process, basically in the course of the incremental implementation of a coverage of comercio libre (free-trade). those reforms, made half-heartedly at top, failed besides, and by means of 1789 Spain might locate itself unwell ready for the arrival a long time of upheaval in Europe and America.
An in-depth examine of incremental reaction via an outdated imperial order to demanding situations at domestic and overseas, Apogee of Empire is additionally a sweeping account of the personalities, locations, and rules that helped to form the fashionable Atlantic world.
By Søren Dosenrode
By Ralf Klausnitzer,Carlos Spoerhase,Dirk Werle
Der vorliegende Band widmet sich der Frage, wie die in geisteswissenschaftlichen Texten propagierten Wissensansprüche nicht allein durch rein reason, logisch rekonstruierbare Argumentationsaufbauten vertreten und plausibilisiert, sondern auch durch soziale und rhetorische Strategien, nämlich durch die Erzeugung von Pathos und durch die Konstruktion unterschiedlicher Formen von wissenschaftlichem Ethos, befördert werden. Diese Strategien sind korreliert mit dem Aufbau von wissenschaftlichen Personae im textual content, deren Eigenarten und Funktionen durch literaturwissenschaftliche Textanalyse rekonstruierbar werden. Die Beiträge des Bandes lassen sich jedoch in erster Linie weniger von einem wissenschaftstheoretischen als vielmehr von einem wissenschaftshistorischen Interesse leiten: Sie leisten einen Beitrag zur historischen Epistemologie der Geisteswissenschaften. Gezeigt wird an exemplarischen Konstellationen, wie und warum es bei der Herausbildung und Durchsetzung moderner Geisteswissenschaften zur Herausbildung spezifischer Ethosformen sowie zum Einsatz pathetischer Redeweisen kam.
By Bohuslav Dobias,Hansjoachim Stechemesser
The authors supply improved fabric that comes with dissociation from an excellent floor with autonomous websites; advancements to the Gouy-Chapman version; electric double layer, floor ionization, and floor heterogeneity; skinny liquid motion pictures and modeling of a semi-batch method utilizing microprocesses possibilities; and clay mineral intracrystalline reactions, functions, and gelation. New chapters hide homopolymers and their impression on colloid balance, together with by no means ahead of released figures and equations; the steadiness of suspensions within the presence of surfactants, polymers, and combos; and the flocculation and dewatering of fine-particle suspensions, emphasizing floc formation, progress, constitution, and applications.
The moment version of Coagulation and Flocculation successfully captures either the theoretical and alertness points of the most recent advances within the evolving box of sturdy dispersions, suspensions, and mixtures.
By R.W. Thomas,Mark Wright
This ebook confronts the tough difficulties that come up in declare events. there's large connection with united kingdom and foreign case legislations, and a scientific method of a number of sorts of claims, assisted by way of priceless explanatory diagrams. appropriate for development pros and contractors, and undergraduate and postgraduate students.
By Mark E. Vecellio,Erick P. Bryant
This convenient pocket consultant is an important box consultant to crime scene images. The authors have used restricted technical phrases and jargon to distill thoughts right down to comprehensible, step by step methodologies. The ebook highlights most sensible practices that practice to so much any crime scene yet really good instructions—pertaining to special facts and crime scenes that current demanding conditions—are additionally supplied. The ebook introduces concise, finished checklists for photographing such proof as tire tracks, airborne dirt and dust impressions, fingerprints, luminescence from hint blood seek reagents, and extra. this useful reference permits police execs, investigators, and crime scene analysts and technicians to enhance their talent to accomplish expert, trustworthy results.
By Russell L. Parr,Patrick H. Sullivan
a complete hands-on consultant to state of the art know-how licensing strategies
Russell Parr and Patrick Sullivan, besides a group of exclusive specialists operating on the frontlines of expertise licensing, exhibit how present day best technology-based businesses are maximizing the price of and go back on their highbrow estate. additionally they supply hands-on recommendation and information on how one can do an identical on your corporation. With the aid of a variety of real-life case reviews that reveal licensing innovations now used at DuPont, Xerox, Kodak, AlliedSignal, Hewlett-Packard, Dow Chemical, and different leaders, they inform you every little thing you must understand to:
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"Technology licensing options are actually key tools for attaining the company visions set forth by means of future-thinking businesses. examine any company undertaking assertion and you'll find the seeds of a strategy-based expertise licensing program." --Russell Parr and Patrick Sullivan
In brand new risky, hypercompetitive worldwide industry, cooperation and the sharing of highbrow estate are keys to luck. after all, essentially the most precious different types of highbrow estate is expertise. regularly, innovation and elevated marketplace penetration are the direct results of combining applied sciences from a number of assets. accordingly, many businesses have all started to commit progressively more in their strategic efforts to gaining knowledge of the simplest how one can deal with know-how that allows you to maximize worth and go back. for example, AT&T has arrange an self reliant company workforce to control its highbrow estate as a separate revenue middle, whereas different businesses proceed to run licensing via their criminal and R&D departments. Which procedure makes the main feel in your corporation, and why? Get the solutions to those questions and so on in know-how Licensing.
during this priceless e-book, Russell Parr and Patrick Sullivan, in addition to a wonderful staff of contributing specialists, demonstrate the licensing concepts now getting used at DuPont, Xerox, Hewlett-Packard, Dow Chemical, Kodak, and different most sensible multinational organisations. additionally they offer sensible prescriptions for opting for the place expertise licensing belongs in your organizational chart and for setting up a winning licensing application adapted on your company's imaginative and prescient and goals.
Taking a realistic hands-on method of expertise licensing, they inform you what you want to find out about:
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Drawing upon the services of these at the frontlines of know-how licensing, expertise Licensing tells you ways modern-day most sensible technology-based agencies maximize the worth in their highbrow estate and the way your organization can too.