One Hundred Million Philosophers: Science of Thought and the by Adam Bronson

By Adam Bronson

After the devastation of worldwide battle II, reporters, students, and electorate got here jointly to foster a brand new tradition of democracy in Japan. Adam Bronson explores this attempt in a path-breaking examine of the Institute for the technological know-how of idea, the most influential institutions to emerge within the early postwar years. The institute's founders believed that the estrangement of intellectuals from most people had contributed to the increase of fascism. to handle this, they sought to advance a "science of idea" that may reconnect the area of principles with daily adventure and therefore reimagine Japan as a democratic country, domestic to at least one hundred million philosophers.

To inform the tale of technology of notion and postwar democracy, Bronson weaves jointly a number of strands of Japan's sleek background which are frequently handled individually: the revival of curiosity within the social sciences and Marxism after the warfare, the looks of latest social hobbies that challenged conventional category and gender hierarchies, and the ascendance of a mass middle-class tradition. This tale is transnational in either connective and comparative senses. many of the technological know-how of concept founders have been proficient in the United States, they usually drew upon a community of yank thinkers and associations for aid. in addition they derived idea from different efforts to advertise a tradition of democracy, starting from notion reform campaigns within the People's Republic of China to the Mass remark learn of the British operating periods. by way of tracing those assets of notion all over the world, Bronson unearths the contours of a transnational highbrow milieu.

Science of idea embodied a imaginative and prescient of democratic experimentation that needed to be re-articulated time and again in accordance with demanding situations that arose in reference to geopolitical occasions and social switch, prompting the group's evolution from a small examine circle within the Forties into the standard-bearer for citizen activism within the Nineteen Sixties. via this heritage, Bronson argues that the importance of technological know-how of inspiration lay within the approach it exemplified democracy in perform. the sensible adventure of the intellectuals and voters linked to the crowd is still appropriate to those that proceed to grapple with the dilemmas of democracy today.

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